The Performing Arts Yearbook lists the most current information on competitions worldwide. Includes descriptions, contact information, eligibility, and prizes. 2 volumes: 1. Europe; and 2. Asia, North America and the Pacific (aka, the “Rest of the World”)
These are print volumes, in the Music Library Reference Room. Call number: ML12 .M93 (2022-23)
Also, the print edition of Gramophone magazine (issued each January) lists competitions for the coming year. Find it in the Music Library.