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Map collections and resources: Social injustice

This library guide will introduce you to Stanford Libraries map collections, services, and related resources.

Social injustice

Historic map collections

Historic maps are often a direct societal and cultural reflection of the time period they were published in and are evidence of the many social injustices that shaped, and continue to plague, our world. Here we will share maps that we have identified that visualize these topics. The galleries and list below are not exhaustive, and we encourage you to contact your map librarians if you would like further help with identifying maps related to these topics. We also invite you to share with us maps that you have identified related to these topics.

Mapping Inequality Collection | Norman B. Leventhal Map & Education Center at the Boston Public Library

Digital mapping projects

There are several digital mapping projects from around the country that expose the historic and current methods used to perpetuate social injustice, many of which continue to serve as a foundation for systemic racism. We will share these projects here and welcome any suggestions to add to this list:

Transatlantic Slave Trade Database (introductory maps here) | Emory University

Anti-Eviction Mapping Project

Mapping Inequality | University of Richmond, Virginia Tech, University of Maryland 

Mapping Inequality For Educators | University of Richmond

Mapping Prejudice | University of Minnesota Libraries

Mapping Racism | Joe's Movement Emporium

Mapping Segregation | Living Together / Living Apart

Native Land | Native Land Digital

The Racial Dot Map | Dustin Cable at University of Virginia

Further learning

The following resources provide additional methods for learning and/or teaching these topics. 

Forced removal


Atlas of Indian Nations Atlas of Indian Nations

undefined Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation

undefined Tribal GIS: Supporting Native American Decision Making


External Resources

American Indian Removal: What Does It Mean to Remove a People? | Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian

Cherokee Indian Removal | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Indian Removal | Oklahoma Historical Society

May 28, 1830 CE: Indian Removal Act | National Geographic

Trail of Tears | History



undefined The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America

undefined Segregation: A Global History of Divided Cities



undefined The Real State of America Atlas: Mapping the Myths and Truths of the United States


External Resources

Mapping the Suffragist Years | Cynthia Smith at Library of Congress

Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote | Library of Congress

Forced removal