Author and activist James Baldwin in the spring of 1963, was filmed by KQED's mobile film unit follows as he's driven around San Francisco to meet with local African-Americans because he was intent on discovering: "The real situation of Negroes in the city, as opposed to the image San Francisco would like to present." James Baldwin declares: "There is no moral distance between the facts of life in San Francisco and the facts of life in Birmingham. Someone's got to tell it like it is. And that's where it's at." This video includes frank exchanges with local people on the street, meetings with community leaders and extended point-of-view sequences shot from a moving vehicle, featuring the Bayview Hunters Point and Western Addition neighborhoods.
This video examines the forgotten history of how our federal, state and local governments unconstitutionally segregated every major metropolitan area in America through law and policy. The video was written and narrated by Richard Rothstein who wrote the book, The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How our Government Segregated America.
"Segregated By Design" discusses how a Black man Harvey Clark Jr. and his family were terrorized during the Cicero, Illinois Race Riot in 1951. Harvey was a World War II veteran who migrated to Chicago from Mississippi and was working as a bus driver.
Short video discussing a former Sundown Town that racially cleansed 1,100 Black residents. Forsyth Georgia became a whites-only sundown county in 1912. It remained that way for over 70 years. Today, it's one of the wealthiest counties in America.
Black Families Forcibly Evicted In 1950s and 1960s From Palm Springs Seek Millions In Restitution for the destruction of their land knowns as "Section 14." The story of Section 14 is akin to the Tulsa, Oklahoma and Rosewood, Florida race massacres, the Bruce’s Beach atrocity, and countless events where families had their lives upended and their very existence threatened for no reason other than the color of their skin.
Black delegates from ten counties in California--including San Francisco and Santa Clara counties--meet at St. Andrews AME Church in Sacramento in November 1855. They are part of a nationwide "Colored Convention" movement to end slavery and to overturn laws preventing free Black people from voting and from testifying in court. This convention is hailed as the start of organized civil rights activism in California.
This documentary shows how Pruitt-Igoe, in 1956 was heralded as "the poor man's penthouse" but just two decades later, it ended in a pile of rubble. The footage and images of its implosion have helped to perpetuate a myth of failure, a failure that has been used to perpetuate racial residential segregation, attack public assistance programs, and stigmatize public housing residents.
This video highlights how California’s zoning laws, continue to echo discriminatory policies of segregation, redlining and multi‐family zoning prohibited in wealthier, whiter neighborhoods. Current zoning maps in 2020 still reflect racist policies that were instituted a more than a century ago, and that continue to exclude Black residents from many California communities. This video is from The Cato Institute is a public policy research organization—or think tank—that creates a presence for and promotes libertarian ideas in policy debates.
In this rigorous examination of U.S. housing policy, Rothstein exposes a century of unconstitutional federal, state, and local laws designed to segregate American cities. He combines legal research with heartbreaking human stories to demonstrate the history and impact of this government push for segregation, including its influence on tragedies like those in Ferguson and Baltimore. The Color of Law is the first book to debunk the myth that racial segregation after Jim Crow arose from private prejudice, and it provides an entirely new perspective on our segregated neighborhoods—and new strategies to address the injustices that divide them.
Rothstein is in conversation with Ta-Nehisi Coates. Coates is a national correspondent for The Atlantic, a MacArthur ‘genius’ grant winner, and the author of The Beautiful Struggle and Between the World and Me as well as, author of The Case for Reparations which was an article written by Ta-Nehisi Coates and published in The Atlantic, that focuses on redlining and housing discrimination through the eyes of people who have experienced it and the devastating effects it has had on the African-American community.
From the 1860s to the 1920s, towns across the U.S. violently expelled African American residents during race riots. After they were chased out of town, White people stole Black people's land and property.
This website includes a video called, City Rising, this is a documentary tracing gentrification and displacement through a lens of historical discriminatory laws and practices. Fearing the loss of their community’s soul, residents are gathering into a movement, not just in California, but across the nation. In the LA Housing 1900-1930 section, there is a link to Racial Covenants that links to another website titled, "A Southern California Dream Deferred: Racial Covenants in Los Angeles," with another video.
Michelle Alexander, highly acclaimed civil rights lawyer, advocate, Associate Professor of Law at Ohio State University, and author of The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, delivers the 30th Annual George E. Kent Lecture, in honor of the late George E. Kent, who was one of the earliest tenured African American professors at the University of Chicago.
Haas Institute Assistant Director Stephen Menendian speaks to Crosscurrents, KALW Public Radio about the conditions in America that prompted the formation of the Kerner Commission, and why we were marking the 50th anniversary. This video is posted by the Othering & Belonging Institute at UC Berkeley. The Kerner Commission called for end to Stop-And-Frisk in 1968, which was 45 years before a Federal Judge said it was unconstitutional. The Kerner Commission stated, “Negroes firmly believe that police brutality and harassment occur repeatedly in Negro neighborhoods. This belief is unquestionably one of the major reasons for intense Negro resentment against the police” --Kerner Report, p. 158
The Kerner Commission explained that it was impossible to know how often police abused their "discretion in the use of force." The report did acknowledge that "indiscriminate stops and searches" and harassment of African Americans on the street, especially groups of youth, was common practice and had increased with formal Stop-And-Frisk tactics and special "aggressive preventive patrol" units.
Shadow Stalker is a “live” interactive installation that uses algorithms, performance and projections to make visible private Internet systems like Facial Recognition Software and Predictive Policing that are increasingly used by law enforcement and promote racial profiling. This film is one of its three parts and outlines the history of Predictive Policing, Digital Identity Theft and the dangers of Data Mining, featuring Tessa Thompson and “The Spirit of The Deep Web,” played by January Steward. This video is available to stream online from Stanford Library's collection as well. However, users need to login with their SUNet ID to stream in Stanford's SearchWorks catalog.
Slavery by Another Name is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans’ most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in the South in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality.
Filmmaker Ava DuVernay explores the history of racial inequality in the United States, focusing on the fact that the nation's prisons are disproportionately filled with African-Americans. In this thought-provoking documentary, scholars, activists and politicians analyze the criminalization of African Americans and the U.S. prison boom. "13th" looks at the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution and its impact of US criminal justice system.
In the wake of George Floyd’s killing and calls for change, historian & New Yorker writer Jelani Cobb examines the prospects for police reform through one city’s story. Four years after he covered policing in Newark, New Jersey in (PBS) FRONTLINE’s documentary “Policing the Police,” Cobb returns to the city to see how federally-mandated reform efforts there have fared — and what lessons might apply nationwide. “Policing the Police 2020,” supported by The WNET Group’s initiative “Chasing the Dream,” is a powerful look at the intersection of race and policing in America in 2020.
In this webinar, Sarah Seo (Columbia Law); Khalil Muhammad (Harvard Kennedy School); and Sarah Haley (UCLA) discuss American policing and criminal justice in various contexts including transportation, domestic spaces, and statistical methods, through a historical lens. Sarah described Black domestic space as the place for carceral power and the home as a material carceral resource involving home confinement and the War on Drugs that require social, political and cultural access to Black homes. Sarah also explained that during Operation Knockdown, in 1989, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) bulldozed property deemed used for drugs use or sale then seizing the land for Asset Forfeiture. The LAPD collected large binders of polaroid photos of potential demolitions sites and the people who dwelled in them.
Bryan Stevenson, acclaimed public interest lawyer and founder and executive director of the Equal Justice Initiative delivers the 2016 Anne and Loren Kieve Distinguished Speaker Lecture on race and the criminal justice system. A roundtable conversation featuring Jennifer Eberhardt, Gary Segura, Robert Weisberg, JD ’79, Bryan Stevenson, and Katie Couric follows Bryan Stevenson's keynote address.
OpenXChange is a year-long, student-focused initiative on campus that aims to encourage meaningful dialogue around tough issues. This is the first in a series of discussions with Stanford faculty and global experts on criminal justice, inequality and international conflict.
A significant number of Ann Arbor, Michigan suburbs and individual houses have racially-restrictive sections in their covenants — which bar people of color, particularly Black Americans, from home ownership — according to research from University of Michigan Law professor Michael Steinberg and Urban Planning assistant professor Robert Goodspeed. This video describes their project and shows a map during their planning commission work session on 1/12/21.
On the Books: Jim Crow and Algorithms of Resistance is a collections as data and machine learning project of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries with the goal of discovering Jim Crow and racially-based legislation signed into law in North Carolina between Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Movement (1866/67-1967).
This project was inspired by Reverend Dr. Pauli Murray, who was a lawyer, Episcopal priest, and human rights activist. Murray was co-founder for the National Organization for Women and author of States’ Laws on Race and Color (1951), which Thurgood Marshall called “the bible of the civil rights movement.” The book cataloged racially based laws in every state of the country, including Murray’s home state of North Carolina. In 1938, the University rejected the admission of Pauli Murray based on the color of her skin. The work of On the Books honors Pauli Murray’s legacy, building on her work researching and identifying racial codes of the Jim Crow era.
The Visualizing Justice project commenced in 2020, as the United States experienced widespread protests against racial injustice following the murder of George Floyd. To confront the extent of violence perpetuated in the United States against Black people, we started the project by mapping police killings. We used data from The Mapping Police Violence team, who have documented police killings since 2013. The video above represents each person killed by police from 2013 to 2020 as a point on a map corresponding to their location and known race. We also mapped whether police were using body cameras at the time of the killing, and whether any police were charged in relation to the death.
In America today, large metropolitan areas display higher levels of racial segregation than they did in the early 90s, and the rate of homeownership among Black people has barely risen since the 70s. Racial segregation in housing and low rates of home ownership have led to generational wealth inequalities. To understand and move beyond these disparities, the Visualizing Justice project examined the long history of structural racism in the US property market and its ongoing legacy today.
KPIX-TV Eyewitness News report from July 9th 1968 by Mike Lee in San Francisco, which examines the relationship between police and the African American community of Bayview Hunters Point. Includes interviews with Larry Jones and Homer Lee. Also features silent views of youths hanging out in the neighborhood. It's worth noting that this item was orginally titled 'Ghetto Report II' in the KPIX News shot-log for 1968. Opening graphic designed by Carrie Hawks.
A pattern of questionable no-knock raids are discussed as part of "Broken Doors," a new investigative podcast series from the Washington Post. Hosted by Jenn Abelson and Nicole Dungca. With a typical search warrant, police are supposed to knock and announce themselves. But with no-knock warrants, police can force their way into people’s homes without warning. This includes the harrowing tale of harrassment by police of Bengie Edwards.
ACLU of Northern California explains that California has a reputation as the proverbial “Golden State” of opportunity, promise, innovation, and fearless resistance. But there is an inconvenient truth that may surprise anyone who learned that California decried slavery and was admitted to the Union as a “free” state. "Little known is the fact that the state’s founding went hand in hand with official government policies that sanctioned slavery and genocide,” says Abdi Soltani, executive director of the ACLU of Northern California. African Americans toiled as slaves in the mines during the Gold Rush and beyond even though the state constitution banned slavery. Through narratives, public records, archival material and images, this project exposes California’s hidden history and its legacy in the state’s courts, culture, and conscience.
University of California's Calisphere exhibit describes that a small number of Afro-Latinos and other Africans arrived in California before the Gold Rush. About 200 to 300 slaves came to work the gold fields, followed by free African Americans. In 1850, when California joined the United States as a free state, the census showed California with 962 black residents. Many former slaves gained their freedom, but lack of government oversight allowed slavery to flourish in certain regions. In 1852, a fugitive slave law made it illegal for slaves to flee their masters within California's supposedly free borders. All African Americans in California — born free or formerly enslaved — lived under a constant threat of arrest. During the mid-19th century, even "free" African Americans in California were barred from testifying in court or sending their children to public schools.
This Library of Congress blog explains that “By 1852, 300 slaves were working in the gold fields.” California had entered the Union as a free state in the Compromise of 1850, “but lack of government oversight allowed slavery to flourish in certain regions. Notably, African Americans were denied the right to vote and the right to testify in court, see also the California Supreme Court case, People v. Hall. The California Fugitive Slave Act of 1852, in combination with the fact that African Americans could not testify in court, endangered the lives and livelihoods of all Blacks.
California's first Governor named Peter Burnett Speech in 1849 advocated for banning Black people from California. Quote: “We have certainly the right to prevent any class of population from settling in our State, that we deem injurious to our society. Had they been born here, and had acquired rights in consequence, I should not recommend any measures to expel them. They are not now here, – except a few in comparison with the numbers that would be here, – and the object is to keep them out.” Also there was a Bill for An Act Prohibiting the Immigration of Free Negroes and Persons of Colour To this State (eventually failed).
This exhibit brings 19th-Century Black Organizing to Digital Life
From 1830 until after the Civil War, African Americans gathered across the United States and Canada to participate in political meetings held at the state and national levels. A cornerstone of Black organizing in the nineteenth century, these “Colored Conventions” brought Black men and women together in a decades-long campaign for civil and human rights.
The Othering & Belonging Institute's “Structural Racism Explained” video draws upon many varied sources in formulating specific definitions for different types of racism. The video description includes a link to a teaching guide developed by Stephen Menendian.